Follow us in more than one way!

The Oromo Chronology @

By Ethiopian Regimes  |  By Key Events  |  By Centuries

Before 1853


1853 ...

1872 ...

1865 ...

1909 ...
Haile Selassie

1930 ...
Mengistu Haile Mariam

1974 ...
Meles Zenawi
1991 ...

Events in Oromo History During the Reign of Meles Zenawi



May 1991

The London Conference was attended by the Derg, Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF), Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), but the Derg officials withdrew from the end of the meeting after hearing the news that Mengistu Haile Mariam fled to Zimbabwe. The Mengistu regime was finally deposed.

July 1991

A national conference for establishing a transitional government was convened in Addis Ababa as an attempt on the part of the TPLF/EPRDF to rapidly secure widespread acceptance among the general population. It resulted in the signing of a Charter by the representatives of some 31 political movements, the creation of an 87-seat Council of Representatives, and the establishment of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE). The OLF joined the coalition that formed the TGE and it held the second largest number of seats in the Council of Representatives. Five more seats were allotted for the Islamic Front for the Liberation of Oromia (IFLO), Oromo Abbo Liberation Front (OALF) and the United Oromo People's Liberation Organization (UOPLO). The Oromo People's Democratic Organization (OPDO) also held seats as part of the EPRDF coalition.

3 November 1991

The OLF convened a meeting of over 1,000 Oromo intellectuals to decide which alphabet to use to write Afaan Oromo. After a many hours of debate, they decided unanimously to adopt the Latin alphabet.


The OLF stated that its efforts to negotiate and work within the TGE for democracy had been blocked. Insisting that the TGE was dominated by the EPRDF, that it did not offer an avenue for democratic reforms in Ethiopia, that its supporters had been violently attacked and that the TGE simply represented the continuation of Ethiopian colonialism under a new disguise by replacing Amhara domination with that of Tigrayans, the OLF left the coalition and renewed its program for achieving an independent Oromo state.

Aradoolaa Abdalla led her OLA unit in the fight against the army of the TPLF/EPRDF in the vicinity of Najjoo, where she was wounded. But, even when she became separated from her unit, Aradoolaa did not give up the struggle. She acquired valuable information about the enemy and passed it to the Oromo fighters.

Over 20,000 Oromo fighters were arrested and held for long periods in camps around Oromia.


Thousands of Oromo people were imprisoned as opponents of the government, without being charged or tried. This included journalists, human rights activists and members of officially-recognized political parties but the main targets were Oromo suspected of OLF membership or sympathies.


The OLF launched 157 launches against the forces of the TPLF/EPRDF regime.

Feb 1995

In a military communiqué, the OLF claimed victory in 17 recent attacks on government forces.

21 August, 1995

The convening of Ethiopia's Federal Parliament officially brought an end the transitional period that was launched more than four years earlier. This was nothing more than the formalization of a one-party regime resulting from the systematic reversal of the targets originally set at the July 1991 Conference.