Widgetized Section

Go to Admin » Appearance » Widgets » and move Gabfire Widget: Social into that MastheadOverlay zone

FinfinneTribune.com is Gadaa.com

The Oromo National Liberation Struggle is Like David’s Fight Against Goliath

Posted: Bitootessa/March 25, 2012 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com | Comments (9)

By Fayyis Oromia*

I think the story of David and Goliath is known to all Oromo from the different regions and religions. The story is, in short, as follows:

“The Philistine army had gathered for war against Israel. The two armies faced each other, camped for battle on opposite sides of a steep valley. A Philistine giant, measuring over nine feet tall and wearing full armor, came out each day for forty days, mocking and challenging the Israelites to fight. His name was Goliath. Saul, the King of Israel, and the whole army were terrified of Goliath. One day, David was sent to the battle lines by his father to bring back news of his brothers. David was probably just a young teenager at the time. While there, David heard Goliath shouting his daily defiance, and he saw the great fear stirred within the men of Israel. David responded, ‘who is this Philistine defying the armies of my nation?’ So David volunteered to fight Goliath.

It took some persuasion, but King Saul finally agreed to let David fight against the giant. Dressed in his simple tunic, carrying his shepherd’s staff, slingshot and a pouch full of stones, David approached Goliath. The giant cursed him, hurling threats and insults. David said to the Philistine, ‘you come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of my nation, whom you have defied. Today, I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds of the air.’ As Goliath moved in for the kill, David reached into his bag and slung one of his stones at Goliath’s head. Finding a hole in the armor, the stone sank into the giant’s forehead, and he fell face down on the ground. David then took Goliath’s sword, killed him and then cut off his head. When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran. So the Israelites pursued, chasing and killing them and plundering their camp.”

Some points of interest from the David and Goliath story are:

– why did they wait forty days to begin the battle? Probably for several reasons. Everyone was afraid of Goliath; he seemed invincible. Not even King Saul, the tallest man in Israel, had stepped out to fight. Also, the sides of the valley were very steep. Whoever made the first move would have a strong disadvantage and probably suffer great loss. Both sides were waiting for the other to attack first. Is such waiting for the right timing and right courageous leadership beneficial for the Oromo people?

– David chose not to wear the King’s armor because it felt cumbersome and unfamiliar. He was comfortable with his simple slingshot, a weapon he was skilled at using. I think, also for us, the Oromo nation, using the unique skills in our own hands is more useful, so we don’t have to worry about “wearing the King’s armor.” Let’s just be ourselves, self-reliant and use the familiar gifts and talents we do have. If we are ready to use our talent and time effectively, we can surely be successful in our national liberation struggle.

– David’s self-confidence caused him to look at the giant from a different perspective. Goliath was merely a mortal man defying a powerful nation. David looked at the battle from his strong point of view. If we look at giant problems and impossible situations, such as the hitherto colonial domination under Abyssinian rulers, from such perspective of our strength, we definitely can fight substantially and realize our national kaayyoo/objective of Oromo people’s self-determination successfully. When we put things in such proper perspective, we do see more clearly and can struggle more efficiently.

– when the giant cursed, insulted and threatened the whole nation, David didn’t stop or even waver. Everyone else cowered in fear, but David ran to the battle. He knew that action needed to be taken. David did the right thing in spite of the discouraging insults and fear inducing threats. He was not theorizing the problem of his nation, but quick enough to take pragmatic action. Only the interest and opinion of his terrorized nation mattered to David. Is the interest and opinion of the Oromo people the only thing what matters nowadays to the Oromo freedom fighters?

The further important questions the politically conscious Oromo nationals need to ask ourselves as citizens individually, and as a nation collectively, can be: are we now facing a major primary giant problem like a sort of impossible situation or are we fleeing into the minor nonconstructive secondary conflicts with our fellow Oromo? Gaara ol bahuu dadhabnee, dalga fiiga jirra? = are we running horizontally in the wrong direction for we are frustrated in walking upwards vertically on the right direction in fighting for the kaayyoo? Let’s stop for a minute and refocus. Can we see the situation more clearly from our strong vantage point? Do we need to take courageous action in the face of discouraging intimidation from our archenemies and confronting fearful circumstances? Do we have national self-confidence to fight for our cause to the end, despite the repeatedly experienced frustrations caused by the cunning alien enemy forces? We have to remember that our interest and the opinion we do have as a nation towards our national liberation struggle are the only things that matter.

Parallel to the story we read here, we can take the name David as a symbol for a citizen or an organization of a certain intimidated and terrorized nation, whereas Goliath is an example of any sort of a terrorizing foe of the same people. In our case, the Oromo people, who are now suffering under the state terrorism and political suppression, can be designated as the bold and courageous David, while the enemy camp of the colonizers, the Abyssinian elites, with their imperialist supporters, can be seen as the giant Goliath. On the contrary to such fact of having the powerful oppressor, specially some Abyssinian elites try to tell us that the “small Tigrai nation is ruling over the big Oromo nation.” Such persons can’t understand that, in reality, Woyane, with its more than 3-billion supporting taxpayers from both the Western and the Eastern power players of the globe, is the giant Goliath against whom the relatively small Oromo nation of only about 30-million is fighting. Interestingly, the cadres of our archenemy (the Woyane) are waging their battle against the Oromo national liberation movement, not only with massive economic support from these foreign forces, but also with a calculated emotional (psychological) attack, as for instance, seen in the following expressions: “OLF struggled for 40 years, but it is still without any tangible result;” “only 3 million courageous Tigrayans are ruling over the 30 million coward Oromo;” “less number of Tigrayan tegadalay (fighters) could imprison the non-efficient 20,000 Oromo fighters within few weeks as POW in the year 1992;” even if this imprisonment in mass of the Oromo national liberation army was right, of course, the mini-mind of the cadres can’t comprehend the international scenario behind the episode: e.g. they do not want to admit the fact that Western intelligence and the EPLF military helped the Tigrayans at that time of attacking the already disarmed OLA (the Oromo Liberation Army) due to the ongoing peace negotiation. Additionally, the cadres are very busy in blaming, cursing and discrediting the leaders of the Oromo national liberation movement – naming them as betrayers, ineffective individuals and collaborators.

But the reality is that the Oromo people resisted the atrocities from such big global power, not only for the last 150 years, as most of us do believe, but for thousands of years, since the alien forces started to influence Cushland in the eastern part of Africa by instrumentalizing the regional movements of both politics and religion. As already well known, Abyssinian rulers were/are the programmed software of the non-African alien forces; they are designed to oppress the indigenous Cushites of the region, including the Oromo. The best method our Goliath (Oromo’s giant enemy) used and is still using to conquer and control the Oromo nation is the divide-and-destroy-strategy. Nowadays, Woyane, being like the forehead of the Goliath, is expending hundred millions of dollars just for the sake of sowing a discord among the Oromo public at large in general, and between the OLF factions in particular. The discord is important for the division and polarization maneuver of the Woyane, into which Oromo nationalists repeatedly did fall, be it knowingly or unknowingly. The result is, for instance, the hitherto fragmentation of our beloved national liberation vanguard – the OLF – into the dysfunctional mini-groups, instead of building the very cohesive, effective, bigger and stronger national liberation front.

If we look at our national liberation struggle objectively, the Goliath (Abyssinian rulers with their alien supporters) could repeatedly frustrate our David (the Oromo nation) causing multiple setbacks in our national liberation struggle. Examples, which can be named, are: the help, which the Amhara warlord Theodros got to attack and conquer the Yejju Oromo rulers of 19th-century in Gondar and to subjugate the Wallo Oromo; the assistance given to the Tigrai warlord Yohannes to compel the Wallo Oromo be converted from Islam to Christianity; the support for the Minilik’s invasion of the whole Oromia and other southern nations; the sabotage undertaken to hinder the Wallo Oromo prince Iyasu from being King of Ethiopia; the continuous suppression of the Oromo uprisings in regions like Raayyaa and Baale with the help of forces from the Western regimes; the hijacking of the past revolutions led by the Oromo people (such as the ones in 1974, 1991 and 2005); the still ongoing attempt to isolate and separate the OLF from the Oromo people and trying to limit it as only an organization in exile; and the manipulation to overtake the OLF by forging certain pseudo-OLF, as we could observe in the near past.

To counteract all these destructive actions of the Goliath against us, our David (the Oromo nation) should learn how to resist the maneuver and manipulation of the enemy. Here are some measures, which I would like to suggest as helpful idea: our David should try to be internally stronger than it is now in order to confront the Goliath with all the necessary boldness and courage; it needs to strengthen the national liberation camp via tokkummaa/unity of the Oromo freedom fighters, and tumsa/alliance with the other anti-Woyane national liberation forces, especially being conscious that the Woyane wants to make sure that no Amhara-Amhara andinet/unity, no Amhara-Oromo tumsa/alliance/tibibbir and no Oromo-Oromo tokkummaa against its rule will take place; it should be smart diplomatically and strong militarily to have the necessary respect in the eyes of the international community, which tends to revere strong nations and despise weak ones; it must be accommodative of the two OLF forces (the pro-independence group and the pro-union faction) as it used to be until 2001 – the year of the break-away for the exclusively pro-independence group, and till 2012 – the year of separation for the exclusively pro-union faction; and it ought take into consideration that the historical Jericho wall could be crumbled by the united action (shouting) of the concerned people; this collective shouting is a symbol for the efficiency of action in unison.

Also, we need to fight till the day of victory for our David, keeping in mind that we surely will prevail because of the following facts:- the war of David against the intimidator and terrorist Goliath is the war of justice, just like the war of the Oromo people against the Abyssinian colonialists; he [David] finally used his own weapon, taking off the military uniform from the alien, similarly, self-reliance of the Oromo is mandatory; his [David’s] determination to fight is great, so is the unflinching dedication of the Oromo nation to bilisummaa necessary to come to victory; for there was no single individual from his [David’s] nation, who used to back-stab and sabotage his [David’s] move (all his people rallied behind him), so is the importance of rallying in unison behind our only one strong vanguard national liberation front; he, consequently, targeted the forehead of the enemy, which is a good lesson for us so that we try to focus at the forehead of our Goliath, i.e. focus at only the Woyane, instead of just wasting our resources and weapons at the peripheral parts of the Goliath, like what we are doing now by targeting the powerless Amhara elite base, diverting our attention from the powerful enemy (the Woyane) and channeling it in a wrong direction towards the trivial.

If Oromo nationalists (our David) will be wise enough to cooperate with each other and coordinate our struggle, definitely, the Goliath, which is still insulting, terrorizing and intimidating the Oromo people, will fall with his face down on the ground. In order to realize this, our mind-set of bilisummaa – the OLF, need to be smartly active, be it in the ruling OPDO way, the opposition OFC way, the pro-independence OLF way, the pro-self-determination (pro-referendum) OLF way or the pro-union OLF way. If we can understand each other as well as accept and respect the possible different routes of the national liberation journey, chosen by the respective Oromo nationalists in each organization, these five ways can lead us to bilisummaa Oromoo, after which we can decide on the type of walabummaa Oromia we will have in the future per Oromo public verdict.

This struggle of the Oromo nation (our David) for freedom from the direct influence of the alien forces and from the indirect invasion using the Abyssinian elites will continue till we achieve both bilisummaa Oromoo and walabummaa Oromia. Here, the best instruments, which can lead us to success in our struggle are the self-reliance of the Oromo people combined with the smart diplomacy and strong military of our vanguard national liberation front. Above all, very important is that the Oromo freedom fighters in all routes of the journey (the OPDO route, the OFC route, and the three OLF routes) do try to comprehend that their common denominator is ‘bilisummaa Oromoo’ in order to be in a position of exercising our self-determination to decide later per public verdict on the future type of Oromia’s sovereignty: ‘Oromian autonomy within Ethiopian union’ (the plan of the pro-union OLF) or ‘Oromian independence within African union’ (the vision of the pro-independent OLF).

Regarding the possibility of cooperating with the anti-Woyane Amhara forces to strengthen our David and to weaken the Goliath to some extent, unfortunately, Ginbot-7 already missed the opportunity of getting the support of the Oromo mass, because of its undermining the right of nations to self-determination. This organization was one of the few Amhara political organizations, which has been seen by some Oromo nationalists as a bit liberal and moderate. But now, the araadaa (street smart) zebra showed that it has never lost its true color. From now on, it seems that the chance for any Abyssinian politician to get the heart and mind of any politically conscious Oromo is very minimal. The mere fact that both Ginbot-7 and UDJ are claiming to be “modern democratic multinational organizations – supporting Afan Oromo be the working language of the future new federal democratic Ethiopia,” but both failed to use this language of the majority in their well financed media – which simply exposed their anti-Oromo stand. For instance, Ginbot-7 didn’t dare to give a single hour transmission in Afan Oromo on its 24-hour ESAT television, and UDJ also neglected any publication in Afan Oromo, whereas it is producing magazines of many pages in Amharinya. This symbolic refusal of the two “liberal and moderate” Amhara organizations to use Afan Oromo in their media shows their attitude towards this language, despite their rhetoric of wanting to see both Afan Oromo and Amharinya be equally the working languages.

Even though the Amhara are now under the oppression of their cousins, they yet need to feel exactly what a national subjugation means and have to learn how to fight for their own national freedom, instead of crying about the whole Ethiopia, which they want to possess further. It may need them about a century, if not a millennium, to come to the national consciousness level of the Eritreans and the Oromo, so that they can start to struggle to liberate their occupied national areas from the Tigrai colonialists. For now, as I have repeatedly wrote, the best lottery, which the Woyane regime got to rule the whole empire for the coming possible many years is the Amhara-Oromo conflict. It is very easy to instigate and inflame any sort of conflict between these two nations, as seen in the last three months (after the attempt of the Ginbot-7 and Group-7 to work together). Woyane cadres (the foot soldiers of the Goliath) were very busy to saw a discord and to produce an Amhara-Amhara conflict (e.g. EPRP vs Ginbot-7), an Amhara-Oromo conflict (e.g. Ginbot-7 vs OLF) and an Oromo-Oromo conflict (e.g. pro-independence OLF vs pro-union OLF). They pretend as if they are supporters of one side and cursed the other side, e.g. being camouflaged as pro-Independence Oromo and/or as pro-unitary Amhara, and vilified the opposite side. Unknowingly, some genuine anti-Woyane individuals and organizations already fell into this trap, and indirectly did bidding of the Woyane cadres.

Actually, our mind-set of bilisummaa – the OLF (our David) – used to play both cards of independence and union (union card as a carrot, and independence card as a stick) in the national liberation struggle against the Abyssinian colonialists; so the pro-independence vs. pro-union conflict could have been avoided by looking at this important approach of using both cards positively. I personally believe that the OLF can still be accommodative and inclusive to have both the pro-independence and the pro-union Oromo freedom fighters – being organized in one political structure and struggle in unison by supporting each other till we will have the final verdict per the Oromo public at large. The current trend of separating the two camps into two different OLF directions (one moving in the direction of independence and the other towards union) is not as such productive. I again would like to suggest that we do look at our national liberation struggle as a journey in a national liberation train from Djibouti to Finfinne. We used to live and still we are experiencing garbummaa in a form of Oromian occupation, which is symbolized by the life in Djibouti under the Abyssinian colonialists; from this status quo, we can move to the next step of bilisummaa in a form of Oromian autonomy (to Diredhawa) as planned by the pro-union OLF; then further to Adaama, to bilisummaa in a form of Oromian independence envisioned by the pro-independence OLF; finally, we can move to Finfinne, to the more beneficial and the most likely future global political trend of building a supra-national union, a bilisummaa in a form of ‘Oromian union of independent nations’ in the region, which can include all the Oromo people in the Horn of Africa, i.e. a move to the final objective, which can be common for both wings of the OLF.

Last, but not least, I must repeat the following assertion again and again: genuine killil federation planned by the pro-union OLF can only serve as a transitional arrangement leading us to the future public verdict, where the Oromo mass will choose between ‘an Oromian autonomy within the Ethiopian union’ and ‘an Oromian independence within the African union’ as a lasting solution. This decision must be left for the Oromo public (our David) as an exercise of the right to self-determination after getting rid of Weyane fascists (after hitting the Goliath on his forehead); it should not be predetermined now by the Oromo polity. As far as I am concerned, the following is the reality of the political development in the Ethiopian empire:

– Unitary Ethiopia of Ginbot-7 is obsolete and belongs to the past;

Weyane’s pseudo-federal Ethiopia is evil and temporary;

– Ethiopian union (true killil-federation) of the pro-union OLF can only be a transitional solution;

– Oromian independence envisioned by the pro-independence OLF is indispensable and a must;

– Union of independent nations in the Horn – which can be accepted by both the pro-independence and the pro-union Oromo nationals, is the beneficial and lasting solution for all stakeholders in the region.

Here, we can see that Ginbot-7 (unitarists) and Group-7 (unionists) are not necessarily on the same page, as we usually try to describe them. Our Group-7 can be considered as a collaborator, only if it endorses the unitary Ethiopia dominated by the Amhara and Amharinya. If this will be the reality, we can say that Ginbot-7 is riding Group-7 as a horse. In case the Ginbot-7 is ready to promote, accept and respect Oromian autonomy planned by Group-7, then it is unfair to criticize and curse both of them and vilify their future alliance. So, to take Oromian autonomy as a temporary goal of the possible all inclusive alliance against Woyane fascists and racists should not necessarily be the same to opposing the future Oromo public decision for Oromian independence. The pro-union Oromo nationalists, who either convincingly or tactically talk about ‘Oromian autonomy within Ethiopian union,’ are not collaborators of the Goliath, as some pro-independence nationals do accuse them. True collaborators are only those Oromo nationals, who want to keep the status quo of the Woyane’s pseudo-federal Ethiopia or who do support the come-back of Ginbot7’s unitary Ethiopia. I know this topic of discussion will continue till we settle it per Oromo public verdict in the future. Until then, we can express our only individual and institutional/organizational positions, but we can not decide for the Oromo people. What is now very essential is working towards strengthening our David against the Goliath, so that at the end of the day, victory will be for our David, even though the forehead of Goliath (the Woyane) seems to be invincible based on the unlimited support it gets from all power players of the globe. May Rabbi/Waaqa help our freedom fighters, in striving to forge tokkummaa of the Oromo national liberation forces, and to foster tumsa with the other anti-Woyane freedom fighters in order to empower our David for the final victory!


* Fayyis Oromia can be reached at fayyis@yahoo.de.


Gadaa.com delivers information on Oromia and the Horn of African region: top news stories and analyses, politics, and culture, arts & entertainment, and more.



  1. Kaaroota

    Mar 26, 12 at 12:16 pm

    “Actually, our mind-set of bilisummaa – the OLF (our David) – used to play both cards of independence and union (union card as a carrot, and independence card as a stick) in the national liberation struggle against the Abyssinian colonialists; so the pro-independence vs. pro-union conflict could have been avoided by looking at this important approach of using both cards positively.” When I read this, then no wonder when we see Ethiopians dancing and jumping as the pro-union OLF decided to abandon the independence agenda: they just got the nutritive carrot, but not the pain inflicting stick!

  2. Jote Boru

    Mar 26, 12 at 1:29 pm

    Obbo Fayyis Oromiya, thank you for your opinion which helps Oromo nationals to see things in every angle and work in every direction to achieve the final goal of the Oromo peoples self-determination. As you repeatedly said let the pro-independence Oromos (OLF) reorganize it self and lead the nation to fight the enemy as David did., and let the ‘collaborators’ also tell the chauvinist Amhara elite that any political move which doesn’t recognize the Oromo nations self-determination struggle go no where.

  3. baissa

    Mar 27, 12 at 10:41 am

    Hey aboo Fayyis, good welcome back, we missed you

  4. amara

    Apr 3, 12 at 12:13 am

    fayyis OMG,

    Only 3 comments for your article. It’s time to get busy. You are exposed now, you don’t post comments any more praising your own articles. Did you change your religion too. I think you are a wakayist-suni pan-arab fifth column waiting under the tree for manna. I hope waqa the great, sideswipe you with thunder and hard rains.

  5. Anti-Woyane

    Apr 3, 12 at 8:02 am

    No wonder that Woyane foot soldiers do hate Fayyis Oromia; he single handedly exposed their divide and rule tactic! “… Woyane cadres (the foot soldiers of the Goliath) were very busy to saw a discord and to produce an Amhara-Amhara conflict (e.g. EPRP vs Ginbot-7), an Amhara-Oromo conflict (e.g. Ginbot-7 vs OLF) and an Oromo-Oromo conflict (e.g. pro-independence OLF vs pro-union OLF). They pretend as if they are supporters of one side and cursed the other side, e.g. being camouflaged as pro-Independence Oromo and/or as pro-unitary Amhara, and vilified the opposite side. Unknowingly, some genuine anti-Woyane individuals and organizations already fell into this trap, and indirectly did bidding of the Woyane cadres… “

  6. Booruu

    Apr 4, 12 at 11:53 pm

    OLF remains the vanguard of the Oromo people regardless of Ethiopians and their running-dogs drum-bitting. Let Ethiopians worry about their mother-land not the Oromos who have full confidence in themselves.There is nothing wrong to stand up against colonizers.This is not the first time for the Oromos to fight for freedom and national indendence.Our ancestors had bitter struggle against ugly naftanya occupiers and never gave up. The Ethiopians always dance when a group of individuals drop from the Oromo legitimate struggle and join them. I don’t blame them because they have to follow their forefather’s foot steps that always said unity of Ethiopia. Unity without freedom and equality is nothing but submission to the enemy. If they need to fight for their country Ethiopia why do they need others to follow them? Is it really about democracy? I don’t think so, it is about Oromia’s resources which is being looted by TPLF right now. Let’s not try to undermine the Oromo struggle and get back to organizing true Oromos against the brutality of the modern Ethiopian colonizers.

    Oromia shall be free and indendent.

  7. Salphis

    Apr 26, 12 at 2:17 am

    Let me simplify the issue for some people, who want to comprehend the Kaayyoo-Oromo well. Our liberation move is from the status quo of the colonial Ethiopian unity towards the future optimal Oromian union. In this move to our Kaayyoo, we do have a short-term, middle-term and long-term goals:

    – the short-term goal of the Oromo liberation movement is a genuine killil-federation (true Oromian autonomy), which is planned by the OLF operating (for example) in Group-7.

    – the middle-term goal is an Oromian independence, which is indispensable and already envisioned by the OLF operating (for instance) in the ULFO.

    – the long-term goal is Oromian union (supra-national union of independent nations in the Horn region), which is necessary to unite all Oromo in the Horn, from Meroe to Mombaasa. As far as I know, the OLF did not yet explicitly stress this final move.

  8. Bilise

    May 3, 12 at 4:51 am

    I think no need of simplification for the devil is in the detail! I actually liked the roadmap given by Fayyis Oromia regarding the Oromo liberation struggle as wrtitten here:

    “… To illustrate, the importance of the unity of purpose among the Oromo liberation fronts, let me use the following metaphor by applying the five colors used in the faajjii’s/flags of Abbaa-Gadaa and OLF to represent the possible five steps and stages needed to move from the state of suffering under colony towards the future optimal bilisummaa Oromo and walabummaa Oromia. To move from the colonial “Ethiopian unity” of the Abyssinian elites to the free Oromian union envisioned by the Oromo nationalists, these five steps and can be undertaken or the five stages can be achieved one after the other. Just to categorize some Organizations and to give them certain political color, we need to divide the karaa/xurree bilisummaa (the roadmap of the Oromo liberation movement) in to five blocs or stages and paint each of them with the five colors:

    – the first bloc/part/stage of the roadmap is colored with white, symbolically the phase of the Ginbot-7?s unitary Ethíopia devoid of Oromia, but have respecting Oromo people’s national right for freedom/bilisumma at heart, which is the same to what the OLF being acitve (for example) in ME’ISON tried to achieve and now considered as an obsolete political move and belongs to the past. We have already travelled this bloc or moved up to this first stage till 1991.

    – the second part or stage is colored with yellow, which represents the status quo, the present Woyane’s evil and temporary pseudo-federalism, where in reality Oromia is under occupation of the Woyane forces, but where the OLF is doing its job infiltrating (for instance) the instrumental OPDO and try to keep the already achieved minimum political victories from set back.

    – the third part/stage is the future short-term goal of the Oromo liberation movement in the form of true Oromian autonomy (genuine killil-federation) as planned by the OLF operating (for example) in Group-7 and this bloc can be painted with the green color.

    – the fourth part/stage of the roadmap can be given the red color and it is the middle-term goal of the Oromo liberation movement; i.e an Oromian independence, which is indispensable and envisioned by the OLF operating (for instance) in the ULFO.

    – the final, optimal, highest and fifth part/stage is represented by the black color, which symbolizes Oromian union (supra-national union of independent nations in the Horn region) as a long-term goal which is necessary to unite all Oromo in the Horn from Meroe to Mombaasa. As far as I know, the OLF didn’t yet explicitly stress this final move as a goal.

    Whereas we have certain Oromo organizations claiming to be in exclusively green and red uniform, none of the structurally existing Oromo liberation forces seems to be exclusively and explicitly in black uniform, even though all do have the potential to be; here again black being the final and lasting goal which can serve the interest of all the stakeholders in the Horn region. This stepwise move from one stage/bloc to the next/highest level is like the liberation journey from garbummaa under the Amhara rule till 1991 in a symbolical Djibouti (white) and from the border town of Ayisha (yellow) representing the status quo under Woyane —– through Oromian autonomy symbolized by Diredhawa (green) —– and through Oromian independence represented by a move to Adama (red) —– to the final goal in the form of Oromian union, which is given the symbol of arriving at Finfinne (black).

    This liberation journey first towards Diredhawa, then to Adama and at the end to Finfinne is the optimal and progressive move, in which all Oromo freedom fighters can take part. All of them can wear together yellow uniform for the sake of hindering any possible backward and regressive move to Djibouti, the backward move for which almost all Amhara forces do struggle. Then, all of the Oromo freedom fighters can have green uniform to move together to Diredhawa followed by changing the uniform to red in order to push further towards Adama, and finally all these nationalists can together put on black uniform to move to Finfinne, the most beneficial type of Oromian sovereignty… ” http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/unity-of-purpose-to-empower-oromian-liberation-forces-for-victory/#more-6590

  9. Process

    May 6, 12 at 12:11 pm

    Be it a complication or a simplification, no one can reverse the following Oromo liberation process: 0) ACF —> 1) OPLM —> 2) OPDO 3) OFC –*–> 4) ULFO —> 5) OLF . According to this scheme, we have been under the rule of the ACF (Abyssinain Colonial Forces), where Oromia was destroyed and Oromo was under absolute subjugation. The Oromo liberation movement in Raayya revolt, Bale uprising, Macca Tulama movement, Afran-Qaaloo movement….etc lead to the revolution in 1974. After this revolution, the Oromo people tried to organize ourselves under political organizations like ME’ISON and ICI’AT. OPLM was an Oromo organization organized within ME’ISON and it succeeded in achieving few victories like changeing our name to Oromo and using Afaan Oromo in media. Surely the OLF was working in these organizations. Then came the 1991 regime change and hear the OLF achieved Oromia as a state and Afaan Oromo as a working language in Oromia; now OPDO is keeping this victory. From this status quo we will move to the stage of the OLF working in OFC (Oromian autonomy), then to that of the OLF being active in a form of the ULFO (Oromian independnce); of course the final move will be to the End-goal of the OLF (Oromian union)!