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The Oromo Chronology @ Gadaa.com

By Ethiopian Regimes  |  By Key Events  |  By Centuries

Before 1853


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Tewodros
1853 ...

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Yohannes

1872 ...

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Menilek

1865 ...

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Zewditu

1909 ...

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Haile Selassie

1930 ...

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Mengistu Haile Mariam

1974 ...

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Meles Zenawi

1991 ...

Events in Oromo History During the Reign of Tewodros

Date

Event

1853

A powerful chieftain from near Gondar called Kassa came to power by destroying the regional feudal lords and assumed control of Abyssinia. This was the first time in over 300 years that Abyssinia came to be ruled by one ruler. Kassa declared himself Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia, from the tribe of Judah, son of David and Solomon, and considered himself to be an elect of God.

Late 1850s and 1860s

Thousands of mercenaries and war and famine stricken peasants were sent (by Emperor Tewodros) from the north to settle around Shawa on lands taken from Oromo clans. In essence this was the beginning of Abyssinian settler colonialism.

1860

Krapf proposed the term Ormania to designate the nationality or the country of the Oromo people.

1865

Menilek, after escaping from Tewodros' prison and returning to Shawa, immediately began to build his army to fulfill his father's dreams of colonizing the south and in particular Oromia.

1868

A. Plowden stated, "among republican systems, Gadaa is superior." Source: "Travels in Abyssinia and the Oromo Country"

1868

Emperor Tewodros' force on Maqdala was encircled by the Oromo army, which cut off military and other supplies coming from Gondar. Maqdala was part of the territory, which Queen Warqitu, Adara Bille, lost to Tewodros.

 




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